The young, massive O-type stars in NGC 6193 both ionize and illuminate the eastern edge of NGC 6188, as shown by the glow, and the intense ultra-violet radiation sculpts the dusty cloud, like the Horsehead Nebula (IC 434). It is thought that the recent star formation likely originated by strong stellar winds and supernova explosions from previous generations of massive stars.
The bifurcated emission nebula, NGC 6164-6165 is located northwest of NGC 6188, toward the upper right in the image. Originally thought to be a planetary nebula, the core appears to have two nearly symmetrical lobes projecting out from the central star, HD 148937, which is a young O-type star 40 times more massive than our sun. In addition to the nearly symmetrical lobes, but further out, there is a bluish ionized oxygen (OIII) cloud representing an early expulsive event.
This is a false color image that uses narrowband filters to enhance the varied structures. Sulfur (SII), Hydrogen-alpha (H-a) and doubly ionized oxygen (OIII) were color-mapped to red, green and blue, respectively, often times referred to as the Hubble Color Palette. 11.6 hours of narrowband exposures were augmented by 3 hours of RGB data for star colors.